Agapie Group Inorganic, Organometallic and Bioinorganic Chemistry
Synthesis, Mechanism and Catalysis

collage of research photos

Research in the Agapie laboratory is targeted toward developing new, practical catalysts by using inspiration from biological systems. Some of the most fascinating catalysts in Nature display complex inorganic cofactors, sometimes in combination with organic cofactors, and perform chemical transformations (water reduction and oxidation, carbon dioxide reduction, dinitrogen reduction, dioxygen reduction) that are arguably prerequisites for the advance of society in the current context of limiting energy resources and environmental concerns. The group’s approach to these chemical transformations is centered on the synthesis and study of metal complexes relevant to catalysis. Given the scale of the potential applications, we focus on studies of inexpensive and abundant first-row transition metals. To these ends we have developed new methodologies for the synthesis of complex inorganic targets and have performed mechanistic studies to understand the properties and reactivity of these compounds. Our research focuses on three general topics:

  1. aspects of metal oxide clusters relevant to water oxidation and dioxygen reduction;
  2. transition metal complexes supported by hemi-labile, redox and acid-base non-innocent ligands for small molecule conversion;
  3. multimetallic catalysts for olefin polymerization.

With mixed metal oxides as catalysts for water oxidation and O2 reduction in heterogeneous and biological systems, fundamental understanding of the effects of redox inactive metals on the chemistry of mixed metal oxide clusters is important for the rational development of effective catalysts. Prior to our work, a single high oxidation state complex displaying an oxo bridged redox active – redox inactive heterometallic core had been structurally characterized and studied for redox chemistry, though examples of in situ modulation of reactivity by metal Lewis acids had been reported. For the first time, a structural model of the cubane subsite (Mn3CaO4) of the Oxygen Evolving Complex (OEC) of photosystem II (PSII) was isolated. We have developed rational strategies for the synthesis of a series of well-defined heterometallic oxide clusters that have allowed for systematic structure-property studies. The reduction potentials of these clusters were found to depend linearly on the Lewis acidity of the redox inactive metal. This finding has applications in rationally tuning the reduction potentials of metal oxide clusters to match the thermodynamic requirements of the desired redox transformations. Moreover, these studies support the proposal that Ca2+ has a significant role in tuning the reduction potential of the OEC and facilitating access to the high Mn oxidation states required for O-O bond formation. Mechanistic studies have provided insights into the mechanism of cluster assembly and O- and H-atom transfer. Toward a model of the full OEC, synthetic protocols have been demonstrated structurally for the attachment of an Ag+ dangler to the Mn3CaO4 core. Synthesized complexes have been studied by collaborators for spectroscopic benchmarking relative to the biological system.

In the context of small molecule activation, the ability of protein active sites to transfer electrons and protons is instrumental for selectivity and high reaction rates. We have developed new molecular architectures for multimetallic complexes of redox active metals and monometallic complexes of non-innocent ligands. Although non-innocent ligands have often been employed to transfer electrons or protons, pendant groups that transfer both are relatively rare, despite the biological precedent. Moieties such as catechol and hydroquinone are envisioned to act as reservoirs of both electrons and protons, if placed in proximity of metals orthogonally to the arene plane. Toward that end, hemi-labile arene ligands with pendant donors have been employed for their versatility and potential to lower reaction barriers by accommodating several metal binding modes. New types of bimetallic reactivity (C-C coupling with Ni), catalysts (Mo catalyzed ammonia-borane dehydrogenation), and mechanistic insights (metal mediated aryl C-O bond activation, H-transfer to arene) have been achieved. The functionalized versions of these systems, with catechol and hydroquinone moieties, bind metals while retaining the protonated state. Therefore, they can deliver not only electrons, but also protons to substrates such as O2, clearly showing the potential of such motifs for metal mediated multi-electron and multi-proton chemistry.

The insertion polymerization of polar monomers has been a significant challenge in polyolefin synthesis. Bimetallic catalysts have been proposed as candidates to address this problem, but the molecular design of many of the known systems has provided limited insight into the reaction mechanism due to high flexibility or distant placement of metals. We have prepared bimetallic complexes with rigid organic linkers that lock the metals centers at well-defined positions. Our studies have revealed a mechanism of bimetallic cooperativity that contrasts with other proposals in the literature, with reactivity being affected by the steric interaction between coordinated ligands. Due to these interactions, the catalytic activity and the stereocontrol are increased, and deactivation by polar groups such as amines is lowered. These mechanistic insights are expected to allow for the development of catalysts with better functional group tolerance.

Papers

45)Justin T. Henthorn and Theodor Agapie “Dioxygen Reactivity with a Ferrocene-Lewis Acid Pairing: Reduction to a Boron Peroxide in the Presence of Tris(pentafluorophenyl)borane” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2014, Just Accepted. link
44)Jacob S. Kanady, Po-Heng Lin, Kurtis M. Carsch, Robert J. Nielsen, Michael K. Takase, William A. Goddard III, and Theodor Agapie “Towards Models for the Full Oxygen-Evolving Complex of Photosystem II by Ligand Coordination to Lower the Symmetry of the Mn3CaO4 Cubane: Demonstration that Electronic Effects Facilitate Binding of a Fifth Metal” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2014, Just Accepted. link
43)Joshua A. Buss, Guy A. Edouard, Christine Cheng, Jade Shi, and Theodor Agapie “Molybdenum Catalyzed Ammonia Borane Dehydrogenation: Oxidation State Specific Mechanisms” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2014, 136, 11272-11275. link
42)Emily Y. Tsui and Theodor Agapie “Carbon Dioxide Cleavage by a Ni2 Complex Supported by a Binucleating Bis(N-Heterocyclic Carbene) Framework” Polyhedron 2014, Article ASAP. link (Special issue celebrating John Bercaw's 70th birthday)
41)Madalyn R. Radlauer and Theodor Agapie “Bimetallic Zirconium Amine Bis(phenolate) Polymerization Catalysts: Enhanced Activity and Tacticity Control for Polyolefin Synthesis” Organometallics 2014, 33, 3247-3250. link
40)Kyle T. Horak, Alexandra Velian, Michael W. Day, and Theodor Agapie “Arene Non-Innocence in Dinuclear Complexes of Fe, Co, and Ni Supported by a para-Terphenyl Diphosphine” Chem. Commun. 2014, 50, 4427-4429. link
39)David E. Herbert, Davide Lionetti, Jonathan Rittle, and Theodor Agapie “Heterometallic Triiron-Oxo/Hydroxo Clusters: Effect of Redox-Inactive Metals” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 19075-19078. link
38)Emily Y. Tsui, Jacob S. Kanady, and Theodor Agapie “Synthetic Cluster Models of Biological and Heterogeneous Manganese Catalysts for O2 Evolution” Inorg. Chem. 2013, 52, 13833-13848. link (Award Paper also featured on the cover)
37)Sandy Suseno, Kyle T. Horak, Michael W. Day, and Theodor Agapie “Trinuclear Nickel Complexes with Metal–Arene Interactions Supported by Tris- and Bis(phosphinoaryl)benzene Frameworks” Organometallics 2013, 32, 6883-6886. link
36)Sibo Lin, David E. Herbert, Alexandra Velian, Michael W. Day, and Theodor Agapie “Dipalladium(II) Terphenyl Diphosphine Complexes as Models for Two-Site Adsorption and Activation of Organic Molecules” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 15830-15840. link
35)David E. Herbert, Nadia C. Lara, Theodor Agapie “Arene C-H Amination at Nickel Terphenyl-Diphosphine Complexes with Labile Metal-Arene Interactions” Chem. Eur. J. 2013, 19, 16453-16460. link
34)Jacob S. Kanady, Rosalie Tran, Jamie A. Stull, Luo Lu, Troy A. Stich, Michael W. Day, Junko Yano, David R. Britt, and Theodor Agapie “Role of Oxido Incorporation and Ligand Lability in Exapanding Redox Accessibility of Structurally Related Mn4 Clusters” Chem. Sci. 2013, 4, 3986-3996. link
33)Sandy Suseno and Theodor Agapie “Intramolecular Arene C-H to C-P Functionalization by Nickel(II) and Palladium(II)” Organometallics 2013, 32, 3161-3164. link
32)Paul Kelley, Michael W. Day, and Theodor Agapie “Hydrogen Evolution Catalyzed by Aluminum-Bridged Cobalt Diglyoximate Complexes” Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2013, 3840-3845. link (special issue on small-molecule activation by reactive metal complexes; article featured on the cover with cover profile)
31)Emily Y. Tsui and Theodor Agapie “Reduction Potentials of Heterometallic Manganese-Oxido Cubane Complexes Modulated by Redox-Inactive Metals” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2013, 110, 10084-10088. link
30)Madalyn R. Radlauer, Aya K. Buckley, Lawrence M. Henling, and Theodor Agapie “Bimetallic Coordination Insertion Polymerization of Unprotected Polar Monomers: Copolymerization of Amino Olefins and Ethylene by Dinickel Bisphenoxyiminato Catalysts” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 3784-3787. link
29) Emily Y. Tsui, Rosalie Tran, Junko Yano, and Theodor Agapie “Redox-inactive metals modulate the reduction potential in heterometallic manganese—oxido clusters” Nature Chem. 2013, 5, 293-299. link (commentaries in Nature Chemistry and Caltech News)
28)Jacob S. Kanady, Jose L. Mendoza-Cortes, Emily Y. Tsui, Robert J. Nielsen, William A. Goddard, III, and Theodor Agapie “Oxygen Atom Transfer and Oxidative Water Incorporation in Cuboidal Mn3MOn Complexes Based on Synthetic, Isotopic Labeling, and Computational Studies” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 1073-1082. link
27)Davide Lionetti, Michael W. Day, and Theodor Agapie “Metal-Templated Ligand Architectures for Trinuclear Chemistry: Tricopper Complexes and Their O2 Reactivity” Chem. Sci. 2013, 4, 785-790. link
26)Paul Kelley, Madalyn R. Radlauer, Abraham J. Yanez, Michael W. Day, and Theodor Agapie “Metallomacrocycles as ligands: synthesis and characterisation of aluminium-bridged bisglyoximato complexes of palladium and iron” Dalton Trans. 2012, 41, 8086-8092 (Young Talent Issue) link
25)Paul Kelley, Sibo Lin, Guy Edouard, Michael W. Day, and Theodor Agapie “Nickel-Mediated Hydrogenolysis of C—O Bonds of Aryl Ethers: What Is the Source of the Hydrogen?” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134, 5480-5483. link
24)Madalyn R. Radlauer, Michael W. Day, and Theodor Agapie “Dinickel Bisphenoxyiminato Complexes for the Polymerization of Ethylene and α-Olefins” Organometallics, 2012, 31, 2231-2243. link
23)Madalyn R. Radlauer, Michael W. Day, and Theodor Agapie “Bimetallic Effects on Ethylene Polymerization in the Presence of Amines: Inhibition of the Deactivation by Lewis Bases” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134, 1478-1481. link
22)Charlotte A. Whited, Jeffrey J. Warren, Katherine D. Lavoie, Emily E. Weiner, Theodor Agapie, Jay R. Winkler, and Harry B. Gray “Gating NO Release from Nitric Oxide Synthase” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134, 27-30. link
21)Jacob S. Kanady, Emily Y. Tsui, Michael W. Day, and Theodor Agapie “A Synthetic Model of the Mn3Ca Subsite of the Oxygen-Evolving Complex in Photosystem II” Science 2011, 333, 733-736. link (commentaries in Chemical & Engineering News, Chemistry World, and Education in Chemistry)
20)Steven T. Chao, Nadia C. Lara, Sibo Lin, Michael W. Day and Theodor Agapie “Reversible Halide-Modulated Nickel–Nickel Bond Cleavage: Metal–Metal Bonds as Design Elements for Molecular Devices” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2011, 50, 7529–7532. link
19)Emily Y. Tsui, Jacob S. Kanady, Michael W. Day, and Theodor Agapie “Trinuclear First Row Transition Metal Complexes of a Hexapyridyl, Trialkoxy 1,3,5-Triarylbenzene Ligand” Chem. Commun. 2011, 47, 4189-4191 link
18)Sibo Lin, Michael W. Day, and Theodor Agapie “Nickel Hydrides Supported by a Non-Innocent Diphosphine Arene Pincer: Mechanistic Studies of Nickel−Arene H-Migration and Partial Arene Hydrogenation” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 3828-3831. link
17)Emily Y. Tsui, Michael W. Day, and Theodor Agapie “Trinucleating Copper: Synthesis and Magnetostructural Characterization of Complexes Supported by a Hexapyridyl 1,3,5-Triarylbenzene Ligand” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2011, 50, 1668-1672 link
16)Theodor Agapie “Selective Ethylene Oligomerization: Recent Advances in Chromium Catalysis and Mechanistic Investigations” Coord. Chem. Rev. 2011, 255, 861-880. link
15)Sibo Lin and Theodor Agapie “Cross-Coupling Chemistry at Mononuclear and Dinuclear Nickel Complexes” Synlett 2011, 1, 1-5. link
14)Alexandra Velian, Sibo Lin, Alexander J. M. Miller, Michael W. Day and Theodor Agapie “Synthesis and C–C Coupling Reactivity of a Dinuclear NiI–NiI Complex Supported by a Terphenyl Diphosphine” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132 (18), 6296-6297. link
Undergraduate, Graduate, and Post-Doctoral Work ↓
13)Ian A. Tonks, Daniel Tofan, Edward C. Weintrob, Theodor Agapie, and John E. Bercaw “Zirconium and Titanium Propylene Polymerization Precatalysts Supported by a Fluxional C2-Symmetric Bis(anilide)pyridine Ligand” Organometallics 2012, 31 1965-1974. link
12)Theodor Agapie, Sandy Suseno, Joshua J. Woodward, Stefan Stoll, R. David Britt, and Michael A. Marletta “NO formation by a catalytically self-sufficient bacterial nitric oxide synthase from Sorangium cellulosumsProc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 2009, 106 (38), 16221-16226. link
11)Theodor Agapie, Michael W. Day, and John E. Bercaw “Synthesis and Reactivity of Tantalum Complexes Supported by Bidentate X2 and Tridentate LX2 Ligands having Two Phenolates Linked to Pyridine, Thiophene, Furan, and Benzene Connectors – Mechanistic Studies of the Formation of a Tantalum Benzylidene and Insertion Chemistry for Tantalum Carbon Bonds” Organometallics 2008, 27 (23), 6123-6142. link
10)Theodor Agapie, Lawrence M. Henling, Antonio G. DiPasquale, Arnold L. Rheingold, and John E. Bercaw “Zirconium and Titanium Complexes Supported by Tridentate LX2 Ligands having Two Phenolates Linked to Furan, Thiophene, and Pyridine Donors: Precatalysts for Propylene Polymerization and Oligomerization” Organometallics 2008, 27 (23), 6245-6256. link
9)Theodor Agapie, Jay A. Labinger, and John E. Bercaw “Mechanistic Studies of Olefin Trimerization with Chromium Catalysts – Deuterium Labeling and Studies of Regiochemistry Using a Model Cromacyclopentane Complex” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007, 129 (46), 14281-14295. link 
8)Theodor Agapie and John E. Bercaw “Cyclometallated Tantalum Diphenolate Pincer Complexes: Intramolecular C-H/M-CH3 σ– Bond Metathesis May Be Faster than O-H/M-CH3 Protonolysis" Organometallics 2007, 26 (12), 2957-2959. link
7)Smaranda C. Marinescu, Theodor Agapie, Michael W. Day, and John E. Bercaw "Group 3 Dialkyl Complexes with Tetradentate (L, L, N, O; L = N, O, S) Monoanionic Ligands – Synthesis and Reactivity" Organometallics 2007, 26 (5), 1178-1190. link 
6)Theodor Agapie, Michael W. Day, Lawrence M. Henling, Jay A. Labinger, and John E. Bercaw “A Chromium Diphosphine System for Catalytic Ethylene Trimerization: Synthetic and Structural Studies of Chromium Complexes with a Nitrogen-Bridged Diphosphine Ligand with ortho-Methoxyaryl Substituents” Organometallics 2006, 25 (11), 2733-2742. link 
5)Theodor Agapie, Susan J. Schofer, Jay A. Labinger, and John E. Bercaw “Mechanistic Studies of the Ethylene Trimerization Reaction with Chromium – Diphosphine Catalysts: Experimental Evidence for a Mechanism Involving Metallacyclic Intermediates” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126 (5), 1304-1305. link 
4)Theodor Agapie, Paula L. Diaconescu, and Christopher C. Cummins “Methine (CH) Transfer via a Chlorine Atom Abstraction/Benzene-Elimination Strategy: Molybdenum Methylidyne Synthesis and Elaboration to a Phosphaisocyanide Complex” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2002, 124 (11), 2412-2413. link 
3)Theodor Agapie, Paula L. Diaconescu, Daniel J. Mindiola and Christopher C. Cummins “Radical Scission of Symmetrical 1,4-Dicarbonyl Compounds: C-C Bond Cleavage with Titanium(IV) Enolate Formation and Related Reactions” Organometallics 2002, 21 (7), 1329-1340. link 
2)Paula L. Diaconescu, Aaron L. Odom, Theodor Agapie and Christopher C. Cummins “Uranium-Group 14 Element Single Bonds: Isolation and Characterization of a Uranium(IV) Silyl Species” Organometallics 2001, 20 (24), 4993-4995. link 
1)Theodor Agapie, Aaron L. Odom, Christopher C. Cummins “In Pursuit of the Molybdenum(III) Tris(thiolate) Fragment: Unusual Structure of a Dimolybdenum μ -Nitrido Complex" Inorg. Chem. 2000, 39 (2), 174-179. link

Commentary

1)Davide Lionetti and Theodor Agapie “Inorganic Chemistry: How Calcium Affects Oxygen Formation” Nature 2014. link

Patents

2)Madalyn Radlauer, Joshua D. Wiensch, Aya K. Buckley, and Theodor Agapie "Multi-metallic organometallic complexes, and related polymers, compositions, methods and systems" Patent Application 20130066029.
1)Theodor Agapie, Suzanne R. Golisz, Daniel Tofan, and John E. Bercaw "Non-metallocene organometallic complexes and related methods and systems" Patent US007847099.

Ch102 (S'09, S'10, S'11, S'12, S'13, Spring 2014)

Intro to Inorganic Chemistry

Syllabus



Ch212a (S'10, S'12, Spring 2014)

Bioinorganic Chemistry

Course website

Ch5b (F'10, F'11, F'12, F'13, Fall 2014)

Advanced Techniques of Synthesis and Analysis

Coordination and Organometallic Compounds

Course Manual
Theo Office: 314 Noyes
Laboratory: 301-309 Noyes
Phone: 626-395-3617
Fax: 626-395-4676
E-mail (at caltech.edu): agapie

Administrative Assistant: Margarita Davis
Office: Noyes 134
Phone: 626-395-6856
E-mail (at caltech.edu): davism

Mailing address:
Department of Chemistry, MC 127-72
1200 East California Boulevard
California Institute of Technology
Pasadena, CA 91125

Theodor Agapie was born in 1979 in Bucharest, Romania. He received his B.S. degree from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 2001 and his Ph.D. from California Institute of Technology in 2007. Upon completion of his Ph.D. he moved to University of California, Berkeley as a Miller Postdoctoral Fellow.

Theo developed his passion for chemistry during high school and participated in chemistry competitions; he won two silver medals at the International Chemistry Olympiads as part of the Romanian team. While an undergraduate at MIT, he worked with Professor Christopher C. Cummins for more that three and a half years on atom and fragment transfer chemistry involving metal complexes, on titanium-ketyl radical chemistry, and on DFT computations to detail the electronic structure of synthesized complexes. At graduation, he received the Chemistry Department's Alpha Chi Sigma Award for achievement in research, scholarship, and service to the department. At Caltech, Theo worked under the tutelage of Professor John E. Bercaw on mechanistic and synthetic aspects of chromium-based olefin oligomerization catalysis and on developing new early transition metal nonmetallocene olefin polymerization catalysts. His Ph.D. thesis received Caltech's Chemistry Department Herbert Newby McCoy Award for outstanding contribution to the science of chemistry. Upon graduation, in May 2007, Theo moved to UC Berkeley to work with Professor Michael A. Marletta as a Miller Institute Fellow. There, he focused on mechanistic aspects of biochemical nitric oxide synthesis involving the metalloprotein nitric oxide synthase.

Theo returned to Caltech on February 11, 2009 to start his independent career as an assistant professor of chemistry. Selected awards include the Searle Award (2010), Sloan Fellowship (2012), NSF CAREER Award (2012), ACS Award in Pure Chemistry (2013), Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE, 2014), and Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Award (2014).

Post-Doctoral Scholars

ShinGyeongshin Choi
Osaka University Ph.D. '14
Ajou University B.S. '08
gschoi
GrahamGraham de Ruiter
Weizmann Institute of Science Ph.D. '14
Leiden University B.S. '08
cograham
ZhijiZhiji Han
University of Rochester Ph.D. '14
Shantou University B.S. '06
zhan
SitiSiti Riduan
National University of Singapore
Ph.D. '13
B.Sc. Chemistry '05
siti

Graduate Students

SandySandy Suseno
UC Berkeley '08
B.S. Chemical Biology
ssuseno
DavideDavide Lionetti
University of Notre Dame '09
B.S. Chemistry
dlionett
GuyGuy A. Edouard
Harvard College '10
B.A. Chemical and Physical Biology
gedouard
JustinJustin Henthorn
Ohio University '10
B.S. Chemistry
B.A. Economics
jhenthor
KyleKyle Horak
Cornell University '10
B.A. Chemistry
khorak
JoshJoshua Buss
Claremont McKenna College '12
B.A. Chemistry
jbuss
H.B.Heui Beom Lee
University of Pennsylvania '13
B.S.E. Chemical Engineering and Chemistry
hlee3
MarcusChoon Heng Low (Marcus)
Imperial College '12
B.Sc. Chemistry
clow
JessicaJessica Sampson
University of Chicago '13
B.S. Chemistry
jsampson

Undergraduate Students

BogdanBogdan Dimitriu
Caltech '17
bdimitri

Post-Doctoral Alumni

DaveDave E. Herbert
University of Bristol Ph.D. '10
University of Toronto M.Sc. '06
University of King's College B.Sc. '04

Assistant Professor - University of Manitoba, Canada
Herbert Group Website
Po-HengPo-Heng Lin
University of Ottawa Ph.D. '12
National Tsing Hua University M.S. '04
National Chung Cheng University B.S. '02

Assistant Professor - National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan

Graduate Alumni

JacobJacob Kanady
Post-Doctoral Scholar, UC Berkeley
Ph.D. Caltech '14
UC Irvine '09
B.S. Chemistry
jkanady
PaulPaul Kelley
Post-Doctoral Scholar, University of British Columbia
Ph.D. Caltech '14
Catholic University of America '08
B.S. Biochemistry
egadsman
SiboSibo Lin
Post-Doctoral Scholar, MIT
Ph.D. Caltech '14
Indiana University '08
B.S. Chemistry
sibolin
EmilyEmily Tsui
Post-Doctoral Scholar, University of Washington
Ph.D. Caltech '14
MIT '08
S.B. Chemistry
etsui
MaddyMadalyn Radlauer
Post-Doctoral Scholar, University of Minnesota
Ph.D. Caltech '14
Stanford University '08
B.S. Chemistry
madalyn
StevenSteven Chao
M.S. Caltech '11
University of Texas '08
B.S. Chemistry
stchao

Undergraduate Alumni

MartinMartin Bernat
University College London '10
mbernat
AyaAya Buckley
Columbia '13
Chun-SunChung-Sun Chen
Cambridge '13
ChristineChristine Cheng
Caltech '14
ccheng
MichaelMichael Desanker
MIT '13
mdesanke
JenJennifer Karolewski
Caltech '15
jkarolews
DanielDaniel Kim
Colgate '15
NadiaNadia Lara
Caltech '12
lara
KatherineKatherine Lee
Caltech '15
kjlee
JudyJudy Mou
Caltech '13
xmou
EvaEva Nichols
Caltech '12
eva
Wei JianWei Jian Ong
Caltech '13
ong
JadeJade Shi
Caltech '12
jadeshi
AgnesAgnes Thorarinsdotter
University of Iceland '15
AlexAlexandra Velian
Caltech '09
velian
AndreasAndreas Wierschen
University of North Carolina '11
awiersch
AbrahamAbraham Yanez-McKay
Michigan State University '11
VictorYuanchi "Victor" Zhao
Yale University '13
yzzhao

Visiting Scholar Alumni

YujiYuji Nishii
Osaka University, Ph.D.
JihaeJihae Park
Ajou University
Ph.D. Chemistry '14
B.S. Applied Chemistry '09

Group Photos

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Kearsarge Pass Trip August 2013

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Mono Pass Trip August 2012

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Palisade Glacier Trip August 2011

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Bishop Pass Trip August 2010

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Mono Pass Trip August 2009

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Huntington Beach BBQ July 2009

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Lab Initiation February 2009

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High School Outreach May 2014

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High School Outreach May 2013

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High School Outreach May 2012

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Summer Chemistry Workshop August 2011

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Introduction.pdf
ClockReaction_InitialRates_Student.pdf
ClockReaction_InitialRates_Teacher.pdf
ClockReaction_IntegratedRateLaws_Student.pdf
ClockReaction_IntegratedRateLaws_Teacher.pdf
Data_Plots.xls

High School Outreach May 2011

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High School Outreach May 2010

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